Grace Hopper (1906 – 1992)
Known for creating COBOL, the first programming language, Grace Hopper is referred to as a pioneer computer scientist. After earning a PhD in mathematics from Yale and teaching at Vassar College, Grace Hopper joined the Navy Reserves during World War II. There she began working on the Harvard Mark 1 computing team.
Shortly thereafter, she joined Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation and began working on the team that developed the UNIVAC machine. It was during this time that Hopper began thinking about creating a programming language based on English and eventually created a compiler that could convert English terms into machine language – COBOL was born. In 1969, she was named “Computer Science Man of the Year”.
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